MAPPING THE ROAD TO PEACE – In the early 90’s, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia broke apart along ethnic lines, and the central republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina became a killing field. A wave of ethnic cleansing wiped out the Muslim populations in villages in Eastern Bosnia. Tens of thousands of people were killed. You had three separate groups: Croatians, Serbs and Muslims. It was a real mess, so they “cut up” the country. This is what the Dayton Accords were all about, and the only wat to do that was geospatially. This was the first successful use of deployable digital technology in diplomatic negotiations, helping to end a war. After nearly four years and 250,000 people killed, the people of Bosnia finally had a chance to turn from the horror of war to the promise of peace.
Dan Scollon, at TED Talks, shows the first image photographed from Earth in 1972, which changed the human understanding of the Earth. 40 years after that image, we collected lots of information about the Earth and were developed many mapping technologies. Dan explains how maps have changed the way of understanding the world. Images of the United States and China at night can, for example, tell the energy consumption, estimate the population and reveal the distribution of this population. Such evolution made possible to evolve from primary cartography to route instructions on a 3D map to a place geocodificated on a tweet! Social networks are not just for posting happy family photos. They serve, for example, to promote revolutions as the Arab Spring. Mobile data also serve as demographic data for traffic information for example, and this Information can be converted into graphs, maps and even animations to reveal travel patterns. Continue reading DAN SCOLLON AT TED X REDDING: GIS